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The coast of Cilento nearby Marina di Camerota
State Party  Italy
Type Natural
Criteria C (iii) (iv)
Reference n. 842
Region** Europe
Inscription history
Inscription 1998  (22nd Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.
National Park nearby Cannalonga

End

 

Cilento
 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

Cilento is an Italian geographical region of Campania in the central and southern part of the Province of Salerno and an important tourist area of southern Italy.

Geography
The coast (on Tyrrhenian Sea) is located between Paestum and the Gulf of Policastro, near the town of Sapri. More of touristic towns by the coast are "frazioni"; as for example Santa Maria di Castellabate, Acciaroli, Velia, Palinuro, Marina di Camerota, Scario and Policastro Bussentino.
The inner boundaries are the Alburni mountains and Vallo di Diano, sometimes considered as part of cilentan geographical region, which has in Sala Consilina its largest center. The most important towns in this area are Vallo della Lucania (in the middle), Sapri and Agropoli: this is the largest town of Cilento and the principal harbour. Most of this area is included in "Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park".

History

Greek colony
The region is steeped in greek mythology and legends, as in the names of some towns, which is also visible in the remains of the colonies of Velia (ancient Elea) and Paestum (ancient Poseidonia). Velia was also the seat of "Eleatics", a school of pre-Socratic philosophers as Parmenides, Zeno of Elea and Melissus of Samos).

Sixth province of Campania
In the 90's it was proposed to institute a new province in Campania, the one of Cilento [1]. Very far to be realized, it had also the problem to choose a seat. The four candidates are Vallo della Lucania (in central position), Agropoli (the greatest one, positioned in the north), Sala Consilina (most populous town of Vallo di Diano) and Sapri (center of southern Cilento, most important railway station). Another proposition, more recent, would to move Cilento from Campania to Basilicata, as a third province [2] after Potenza and Matera.

National Park
Main article: Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park
In a great part of the territory of Cilento and Vallo di Diano it was instituted, on 1991, a national park, to protect the territory from building speculation and mass tourism. In 1998 the park becomes a World Heritage Site of UNESCO.

Coast
The Cilentan Coast, or Costiera Cilentana in Italian, is a stretch of coastline situated in the gulfs of Salerno and Policastro, extending in 16 municipalities; from Capaccio-Paestum in the north-west to Sapri in the sout-east.

Language
Cilento was part of ancient Lucania, and its language is influenced by Lucanian. In the north of Cilento the dialect is more influenced by neapolitan language, but in the southern part it has many similarities with Sicilian.

Photogallery

Agropoli

Velia

Licosa island in the Comune of Castellabate

Paestum

Paestum

Romagnano al Monte

S.Maria di Castellabate

Cape Palinuro

Bibliography

  • Maurizio Tortora: Cilientu mia. Edizione del Delfino, 1977, Naples
  • Giuseppe Vallone: Dizionarietto etimologico del basso Cilento. Editore UPC, 2004
  • Pietro Rossi: Ieri e oggi 1955-2005. Poesie in cilentano. Grafiche Erredue, 2005
  • Barbara Schäfer: Limoncello mit Meerblick. Unterwegs an der Amalfiküste und im Cilento. Picus, 2007, ISBN 978-3-85452-924-8
  • Peter Amann: Cilento aktiv mit Costa di Maratea - Aktivurlaub im ursprünglichen Süditalien. Mankau, 2007, ISBN 3938396083
  • Peter Amann: Golf von Neapel, Kampanien, Cilento. Reise Know-How, 2006, ISBN 3831715262
  • Barbara Poggi: La Cucina Cilentana - Köstlichkeiten aus der Cilento-Küche. Mankau, 2006, ISBN 3938396024
  • Luciano Pignataro: Le ricette del Cilento. Ed. Ippogrifo, 2007, ISBN 978-88-8898643-2

See also
Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park
Vallo di Diano
Velia ("Elea")
Paestum ("Poseidonia")
Pruno Cilento
Cilentan dialect
Gulf of Salerno
Agropoli
Vallo della Lucania
Sapri
Sala Consilina
Marina di Camerota
Certosa di Padula (Padula)
Cape Palinuro (Palinuro)

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Cilento
Historical and other information regarding National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano (English)
Holidays in Cilento National Park (English)
Tourism in the National park of Cilento (Italian)
Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park (Italian) (English)
Cilento NEWS(Italian)
Tourism and holidays in Cilento (Italian)
Hotel Reservation in Cilento (English)
[show]
v • d • e
Towns, villages and zones of Cilentan Coast

Torre Kernot • Laura • Paestum • Licinella • Mattine • Agropoli • Tresino • Santa Maria • San Marco • Licosa • Ogliastro Marina • Case del Conte • Agnone Cilento • Mezzatorre • Acciaroli • Pioppi • Marina di Casalvelino • Velia • Marina di Ascea • Marina di Pisciotta • Caprioli • Palinuro • Cape Palinuro • Marina di Camerota • Porto Infreschi • Scario • Policastro Bussentino • Capitello • Villammare • Sapri

[show]
v • d • e
Campania

Provinces
and places
Avellino • Benevento • Caserta • Naples • Salerno
Islands • Amalfi Coast • Sorrentine Peninsula • Cilento • Vallo di Diano • Cities, towns and villages

History
Kingdom of Naples • Monarchs • Viceroys • Two Sicilies • Magna Græcia • Samnite Wars • Italia province • Duchy of Naples • Duchy of Benevento • Principality of Capua • Principality of Salerno • Duchy of Amalfi • Duchy of Sorrento • Duchy of Apulia and Calabria

Politics and
government
Elections in Campania • List of Presidents of Campania
[show]
v • d • e
World Heritage Sites in Italy

For official site names, see each article or the List of World Heritage Sites in Italy.

Aeolian Islands · Alberobello · Amalfi Coast · Aquileia · Archaeological Area of Agrigento · Assisi · Barumini nuraghes · Botanical Garden, Padua · Caserta Palace, Aqueduct of Vanvitelli and San Leucio Complex · Castel del Monte · Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena · Cerveteri and Tarquinia · Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park, Paestum and Velia, Certosa di Padula · Crespi d'Adda · The Dolomites · Ferrara · Florence · Genoa · Hadrian's Villa · Mantua and Sabbioneta · Sassi of Matera · Naples · Piazza del Duomo, Pisa · Pienza · Pompeii, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata · Portovenere, Cinque Terre (Monterosso al Mare, Vernazza, Corniglia, Manarola, Riomaggiore), Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto · Ravenna · Residences of the Royal House of Savoy · Rhaetian Railway1 · Rock Drawings in Valcamonica · Rome2 · Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy · San Gimignano · Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan · Siena · Syracuse and Necropolis of Pantalica · Urbino · Val d'Orcia · Val di Noto (Caltagirone, Militello in Val di Catania, Catania, Modica, Noto, Palazzolo Acreide, Ragusa, Scicli) · Venice · Verona · Vicenza and Palladian Villas of the Veneto · Villa d'Este · Villa Romana del Casale

1 Shared with Switzerland. 2 Shared with the Holy See.
Coordinates: 40°17′24″N 15°28′34″E / 40.290°N 15.476°E / 40.290; 15.476

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cilento"

Photogallery